Gender Common

Summary

A word is classified as “common gender” if it can refer to either a grammatically-masculine or a grammatically-feminine person/thing.

Article

A word is parsed as “common” (in other systems sometimes “unmarked”), when it has potential to refer to either a masculine or a feminine person or thing. Words classified as “common gender” are usually pronouns or verbs.

Examples

In Biblical Hebrew, 1st person personal pronouns are “gender common”.

Example: 1KI 18:22
אֲנִ֞י נֹותַ֧רְתִּי נָבִ֛יא לַיהוָ֖ה
‘ani nowtharti navi layhwah
I I-am-left prophet for-Yahweh
I, I alone, am left as a prophet of Yahweh

In Biblical Hebrew, finite verbs in 1st person conjugation are “gender common”.

Example: ISA 2:5
בֵּ֖ית יַעֲקֹ֑ב לְכ֥וּ וְנֵלְכָ֖ה בְּא֥וֹר יְהוָֽה
beth ya’aqov lekhu wenelekhah be’or yehwah
House-of Jacob come and-let-us-walk in-light-of Yahweh.
House of Jacob, come, and let us walk in the light of Yahweh.

In Biblical Hebrew, the plural demonstrative pronoun is “gender common”.

Example: ISA 28:7
וְגַם־אֵ֨לֶּה֙ בַּיַּ֣יִן שָׁג֔וּ
wegam-‘elleh bayyayin shagu
And-also_these in-the-wine reel
But even these reel with wine