The Hishtaphel is an extremely rare stem formation that is similar to the Hiphil and expresses causative action in active voice.
The Hishtaphel is a rare stem formation that is unrelated to any other stem. Many scholars believe this stem is derived from Ugaritic and is similar to the Hiphil, expressing causative action in active voice. However, In Biblical Hebrew this stem is used almost exclusively with the common verb חוי / חוה, meaning “to prostrate oneself” (simple action with reflexive voice) or “to worship” (simple action with active voice).
|Perfect||masculine singular third person||הִשְׁתַּחֲוָה||hishtahawah||he worshipped|
|Imperfect||masculine singular third person||יִשְׁתַּחֲוֶה||yishtahaweh||he will worship|
|Sequential Imperfect||masculine singular third person||וַיִּשְׁתַּחוּ||wayyishtahu||(and) he worshipped|
|Imperative||masculine singular||הִשְׁתַּחֲוִי||hishtahawi||you must worship|
|Participle||masculine singular absolute||מִשְׁתַּחֲוֶה||mishtahaweh||worshipping|