Stem Poel


The Poel is a rare stem formation that is similar to the Piel and expresses the same range of meanings.


The Poel stem is a variation of the Piel and has potential to express the same range of verbal action. The Poel stem is formed from the Piel by a vowel change and is a rare stem formation in Biblical Hebrew.


It is recommended to always check a dictionary or lexicon for the meaning of a specific verb, because this stem may express many different kinds of action in different contexts.


The Poel stem appears exactly the same as the Poal stem in all conjugations; only the 3rd-person masculine singular forms are different.


Poel Perfect Paradigm
Parsing Hebrew Transliteration Gloss
masculine singular third person הוֹלֵל holel he humiliated
feminine singular third person הוֹלֲלָה holalah she humiliated
masculine singular second person הוֹלַלְתָּ holalta you humiliated
feminine singular second person הוֹלַלְתְּ holalt you humiliated
common singular first person הוֹלַלְתִּי holalti I humiliated
common plural third person הוֹלֲלוּ holalu they humiliated
masculine plural second person הוֹלַלְתֶּם holaltem you humiliated
feminine plural second person הוֹלַלְתֶּן holalten you humiliated
common plural first person הוֹלַלְנוּ holalnu we humiliated
Poel Imperfect Paradigm
Parsing Hebrew Transliteration Gloss
masculine singular third person יְהוֹלֵל yeholel he will humiliate
feminine singular third person תְּהוֹלֵל teholel she will humiliate
masculine singular second person תְּהוֹלֵל teholel you will humiliate
feminine singular second person תְּהוֹלֲלִי teholali you will humiliate
common singular first person אֲהוֹלֵל ‘alholel I will humiliate
masculine plural third person יְהוֹלֲלוּ yeholalu they will humiliate
feminine plural third person תְּהוֹלַלְנָה teholalnah they will humiliate
masculine plural second person תְּהוֹלֲלוּ teholalu you will humiliate
feminine plural second person תְּהוֹלַלְנָה teholalnah you will humiliate
common plural first person נְהוֹלֵל neholel we will humiliate
Poel Participle Paradigm
Parsing Hebrew Transliteration Gloss
masculine singular absolute מְהוֹלֵל meholel humiliating / he who humiliates
feminine singular absolute מְהוֹלְלֶת / מְהוֹלְלָה meholeleth / meholelah humiliating / she who humiliates
masculine plural absolute מְהוֹלְלִים meholelim humiliating / men who humiliate
feminine plural absolute מְהוֹלְלוֹת meholeloth humiliating / women who humiliate


Example: ISA 40:24
אַ֛ף בַּל־שֹׁרֵ֥שׁ בָּאָ֖רֶץ גִּזְעָ֑ם
‘af bal-shoresh ba’arets giz’am
even not_taken root in-the-earth their-stem
their stem has barely taken root in the earth

The following form is a Poel participle_active.

Example: JOB 9:15
לִ֝מְשֹׁפְטִ֗י אֶתְחַנָּֽן׃
limshofeti ‘ethhannan
to-my-judge I-will-plead-for-mercy
I could only plead for mercy with my judge