Stem Hithpalpel


The Hithpalpel is an extremely rare stem formation that is similar to the Hithpael. It expresses the reflexive voice of the Pilpel stem.


The Hithpalpel stem is a variation of the Hithpael stem and expresses the reflexive voice of the verbal action of the Pilpel stem. The Hithpalpel stem is formed from the Hithpael by dropping the 2nd radical and repeating the 1st and 3rd radicals, thus making a form that appears to have 4 consonants. It is an extremely rare stem formation in Biblical Hebrew. Many of the verbs in the the Hithpalpel stem in the Hebrew Bible are from the root מָהַהּ (“to linger, delay”). It is recommended to always consult a dictionary or lexicon for the precise nuance of any verb in the Hithpalpel stem.


From the root כּוּל, meaning “to sustain” in the Pilpel stem

Hithpalpel Paradigm
Conjugation Parsing Hebrew Transliteration Gloss
Perfect masculine singular third person הִתְכַּלְכֵּל hithkalkel he sustained himself
Imperfect masculine singular third person יִתְכַּלְכֵּל yithkalkel he will sustain himself
Participle masculine singular absolute מִתְכַּלְכֵּל mithkalkel sustaining himself / he who is sustaining himself


Example: DAN 11:11 –– יִתְמַרְמַר comes from the root מרר
וְיִתְמַרְמַר֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ הַנֶּ֔גֶב
weyithmarmar melekh hannegev
And-he-will-be-very-angry king-of the-South
Then the king of the South will become very angry
Example: PSA 119:16 –– אֶשְׁתַּעֲשָׁ֑ע comes from the root שׁעע
בְּחֻקֹּתֶ֥יךָ אֶשְׁתַּעֲשָׁ֑ע
behuqqotheykha ‘eshta’asha’
In-your-statutes I-will-delight
I delight in your statutes