Pronoun Relative

Summary

Relative pronouns are pronouns which function as a relative particle, that is, to introduce a phrase or clause that describes a noun.

Article

Either term is correct. In English, the relative pronouns include: “who”, “what”, “that”, “which”, “when”, or “where”. In most cases, Biblical Hebrew simply uses either the relative particle אֲשֶׁר or the prefix -שֶׁ to introduce a relative clause. However, in rare instances Biblical Hebrew uses certain other pronouns to serve this same function.

Note

In Biblical Hebrew, the terms “relative pronoun” and “relative particle” are two different names for the same thing.

זוּ

Example: EXO 15:13
עַם־ז֣וּ גָּאָ֑לְתָּ
‘am-zu ga’alta
people_whom you-rescued
people you have rescued

זֶה

זֶה is a demonstrative pronoun which sometimes functions as a relative particle.

Example: PSA 78:54
הַר־זֶ֝֗ה קָנְתָ֥ה יְמִינֹֽו׃
har-zeh qonthah yeminow
mountain_which has-acquired his-right-hand
to this mountain that his right hand acquired.

זוֹ / זֹה

The two feminine demonstratives זֹה and זוֹ can also function as a relative particle.

Example: ??? ??:??
הַר־זֶ֝֗ה קָנְתָ֥ה יְמִינֹֽו׃
har-zeh qonthah yeminow
mountain_which has-acquired his-right-hand
to this mountain that his right hand acquired.
Example: ??? ??:??
הַר־זֶ֝֗ה קָנְתָ֥ה יְמִינֹֽו׃
har-zeh qonthah yeminow
mountain_which has-acquired his-right-hand
to this mountain that his right hand acquired.