Suffix Paragogic Nun


The paragogic נ (nun) suffix can only attach to a finite verb, and its meaning is unknown.


This suffix is an unexplained feature of Biblical Hebrew grammar with no discernible meaning or function.


The paragogic נ (nun) is a simple consonant appearing either as a suffix or an infix. When appearing as a suffix, it stands at the end of the word, following the verb conjugation ending (as in the examples below). When appearing as an infix, the paragogic נ (nun) is usually represented by a daghesh forte inside the initial letter of a pronominal suffix.


Example: EXO 15:14

שָֽׁמְע֥וּ עַמִּ֖ים יִרְגָּז֑וּן

shame’u ‘ammim yirgazun

They-will-hear peoples they-will-tremble

The peoples will hear, and they will tremble

Example: DEU 1:17

כַּקָּטֹ֤ן כַּגָּדֹל֙ תִּשְׁמָע֔וּן

kaqqaton kaggadol tishma’un

like-the-small like-the-great you-will-hear

you will hear the small and the great alike

Example: PSA 104:28

תִּתֵּ֣ן לָ֭הֶם יִלְקֹט֑וּן

titten lahem yilqotun

You-give to-them they-gather

When you give to them, they gather