Stem Hithpoel


The Hithpoel is an extremely rare stem formation that is similar to the Hithpael. It expresses the reflexive voice of the Poel stem.


The Hithpoel stem is a variation of the Hithpael stem and expresses the reflexive voice of the verbal action of the Poel stem. The Hithpoel stem is formed from the Hithpael stem by a vowel change. It is an extremely rare stem formation in Biblical Hebrew. It is recommended to always consult a dictionary or lexicon for the precise nuance of any verb in the Hithpoel stem.


The Hithpoel stem conjugates exactly like the Poel stem, but with the reflexive prefix (הִתְ) added.


Hithpoel Paradigm
Conjugation Parsing Hebrew Transliteration Gloss
Perfect masculine singular third person הִתְהוֹלֵל hithholel he humiliated himself
Imperfect masculine singular third person יִתְהוֹלֵל yithholel he will humiliate himself
Participle masculine singular third person מִתְהוֹלֵל mithholel humiliating oneself / he who humiliates himself


Example: JER 46:8
מִצְרַ֨יִם֙ כַּיְאֹ֣ר יַֽעֲלֶ֔ה וְכַנְּהָרֹ֖ות יִתְגֹּ֣עֲשׁוּ מָ֑יִם
mitsrayim kay’or ya’aleh wekhanneharowth yithgo’ashu mayim
Egypt like-the-Nile rises and-like-the-rivers
going-back-and-forth waters
Egypt rises like the Nile, like rivers of water that
rise and fall