Gender Feminine

Summary

Nouns, adjectives, finite verbs, participles, pronouns, pronominal suffixes, and some particles change their form is according to their grammatical gender, either masculine or feminine. The feminine gender is often marked by either a ־ָה (qamets-he) or וֹת (holem-taw) suffix, but various other prefixes and suffixes can also indicate feminine gender.

Article

In Biblical Hebrew, nouns are classified according to gender, either masculine, feminine, or sometimes both. Grammatical modifiers (such as adjectives, active and passive participles, pronouns, pronominal suffixes) change their endings in order to agree with the gender of the term they refer to. A finite verb with feminine gender indicates a feminine subject. All references to female persons in Biblical Hebrew are feminine. However, other entities apart from people can also be classified as feminine. For example, the proper names of cities are often feminine in Biblical Hebrew, as well as body parts that exist as pairs (hand, foot, etc.). Some particles are also marked for gender in Biblical Hebrew.

Note

Some feminine nouns do NOT take feminine endings, even some common nouns such as אֵם (mother) and אֶרֶץ (earth). They appear to be masculine nouns, but they are actually feminine nouns. A dictionary or lexicon will indicate the proper gender for each word.

Form

Feminine singular nouns and adjectives usually end in either ־ָה (qamets-he) or ־ֶת (seghol-taw, for participles). Feminine dual terms end in ־ַיִם (patach-yod-hireq-final mem), as in יָדַיִם (hands). Feminine plural terms usually end in וֹת- (holem-taw), as in תּוֹרוֹת (laws). There is a whole family of verbal prefixes and suffixes that indicate feminine gender for finite verbs.

Feminine Noun Paradigm
Parsing Hebrew Transliteration Gloss
feminine singular absolute סוּסָה susah mare
feminine singular construct סוּסַת susat mare of
feminine plural absolute סוּסוֹת susoth mares
feminine plural construct סוּסוֹת susoth mares of
Qal Suffix Conjugation Feminine Forms
Parsing Hebrew Transliteration Gloss
second person feminine singular קָטַלְתְּ qatalt you killed
second person feminine plural קְטַלְתֶּן qetalten you killed
third person feminine singular קָטְלָה qatlah she killed
Qal Prefix Conjugation Feminine Forms
Parsing Hebrew Transliteration Gloss
second person feminine singular תִּקְטְלִי tiqteli you will kill
second person feminine plural תִּקְטֹלְנָה tiqtolenah you will kill
third person feminine singular תִּקְטֹל tiqtol she will kill
third person feminine plural תִּקְטֹלְנָה tiqtolenah they will kill
Independent Personal Pronoun Feminine Forms
Parsing Hebrew Transliteration Gloss
second person feminine singular אַתְּ ‘at you
second person feminine plural אַתֵּנָה ‘attenah you
third person feminine singular הִיא / הִוא hi / hiw she / it
third person feminine plural הֵן / הֵנָּה hen / hennah they
Object Pronoun Feminine Forms
Parsing Hebrew Transliteration Gloss
second person feminine singular אֹתָךְ ‘othakh you
second person feminine plural אֹתְכֶֶן ‘thekhem you
third person feminine singular אֹתָהּ ‘othah her / it
third person feminine plural אֶתְהֶן / אֹתָן ‘ethhen / ‘othan them
Pronominal Suffix Feminine Forms
Parsing Hebrew Transliteration Gloss
second person feminine singular לָךְ / - ָךְ lakh / -akh (to) you
second person feminine plural לָכֶן / -כֶן lakhen / -khen (to) you
third person feminine singular לָהּ / - ָהּ lah / -ah (to) her
third person feminine plural לָהֶן / -הֶן / - ָן lahen / -hen / -an (to) them