Stem Hothpaal


The Hothpaal is an extremely rare stem formation that is derived from the Hithpael. It generally expresses action in passive voice.


The Hothpaal stem is a variation of the Piel and generally expresses verbal action in passive voice. The Hothpaal stem is formed from the Hithpael stem by vowel changes and is an extremely rare stem formation in Biblical Hebrew. Many of the occurrences of the Hothpaal stem in the Hebrew Bible are from the root verb פָּקַד (“to visit, number, or appoint”).


It is recommended to always check a dictionary or lexicon for the meaning of a specific verb, because this stem may express many different kinds of action in different contexts.

Example: LEV 13:55-56

וְרָאָ֨ה הַכֹּהֵ֜ן אַחֲרֵ֣י ׀ הֻכַּבֵּ֣ס אֶת־הַנֶּ֗גַע וְהִנֵּה֙ כֵּהָ֣ה הַנֶּ֔גַע אַחֲרֵ֖י הֻכַּבֵּ֣ס אֹת֑וֹ …

wera’ah hakkohen ‘ahare hukkabbes ‘eth-hannega’ … wehinneh

kehah hannega’ ‘ahare hukkabbes ‘otho

And-he-will-look the-priest after is-washed [dir.obj]_the-mildew…and-see become-faint the-mildew after is-washed [dir.obj]-it

Then the priest will examine the item after the mildewed item was washed … and if the mildew has faded after it was washed

Example: DEU 24:4

לֹא־יוּכַ֣ל בַּעְלָ֣הּ הָרִאשֹׁ֣ון … לִהְיֹ֧ות לֹ֣ו לְאִשָּׁ֗ה אַחֲרֵי֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר הֻטַּמָּ֔אָה

lo-yukhal ba’lah harishown … lihyowth low le’ishah ‘aharey ‘asher huttamma’ah

not_he-is-able her-husband the-first … to-become to-him to-wife after whom she-became-impure

then her former husband … cannot make her his wife, after she has become impure